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World Heritages - Peking Man Site

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Peking Man Site at Zhoukoudian


The Peking Man Site at Zhoukoudian (Pinyin: zhōukǒudià; 周口店) lies at the foot of Dragon Bone Moutain in Zhoukoudian, Fangshan District in the southwest of Beijing. The Site was discovered by Johan Gunnar Andersson in 1921 and was first excavated by Otto Zdansky in 1921 and 1923 unearthing two human teeth.


This Paleolithic early man site provides the richest research materials and the best system structure in the world. Fissures in the limestone containing middle Pleistocene deposits have yielded the remains of about 45 individuals as well as animal remains and stone flake and chopping tools. The oldest are some 750,000 years old. The relics of fire use discovered here helped to trace the history of man's use of fire further back several hundred thousand years. And the discovery of the Peking Man has resolved the dispute of whether Homo erectus is of ape or human origin, which arose when the Java man was discovered. The Zhoukoudian site is rare historical evidence about human society in Asia in ancient times.


Because the Peking Man Site at Zhoukoudian bears unique testimony to a civilization which has disappeared and bears witness to the human communities of the Asian continent from the Middle Pleistocene to the Late Pleistocene (Palaeolithic Age), it was formally inscribed on the "World Heritage List" in December 1987 at the eleventh session of UNESCO World Heritage Committee.



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